Several Midwestern states, including Iowa, are reporting cases of respiratory illness, some severe enough to require children to be hospitalized. Those affected states have contacted the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for help in investigating enterovirus.
There have been no documented cases of pediatric patients with enteroviruses admitted for treatment at Mercy Medical Center.
According to the CDC, enteroviruses are fairly common. However, this particular strain – Human Enterovirus EV-D68 – is uncommon, but not new. It was first identified in the 1960s.
Most people who get infected with enteroviruses do not get sick or, they may have mild illness, like the common cold. But, some people can get very sick; infants and people with weakened immune systems have a greater chance of having these complications.
You can get infected with enteroviruses by having close contact with an infected person or by touching objects or surfaces that have the virus on them and then touching your mouth, nose or eyes.
Human Enterovirus EV-D68 produces symptoms similar to a severe cold but can be particularly dangerous for children with asthma because of how it affects the respiratory system.
Symptoms of mild illness may include: fever, runny nose, sneezing, coughing, skin rashes, mouth blisters, and body and muscle aches.
There is no vaccine to protect you from the enterovirus infection. However, you can help protect yourself and others from enterovirus infections by following the precautions at the bottom of this page.
In the United States, people are more likely to get infected with enteroviruses in the summer and fall.
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August 1, 2014
There has been a lot in the news lately about Ebola outbreaks in West Africa. Concerns among some were heightened when it was reported that two Americans infected with Ebola overseas would be brought back to the U.S. for treatment.
The CDC emphasizes there is "no significant risk" of an Ebola outbreak in the U.S. It is spread only “through human-to-human transmission, with infection resulting from direct contact (through broken skin or mucous membranes) with the blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected people, and indirect contact with environments contaminated with such fluids,” according to the World Health Organization.
The probability of contracting Ebola in the U.S. is low. Patients experiencing fever, headache, weakness, etc., while similar to Ebola symptoms, likely have another condition, such as the flu, and should visit their primary care provider for treatment.
To prevent contracting Ebola, avoid travel to endemic areas (e.g. Western Africa) and be cautious when in contact with anyone recently returned from that area, especially if they show signs of illness.
Heightened global awareness of any illness is also a good time to remember the universal precautions listed below to avoiding many types of illnesses.
CDC information on Ebola: http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/
May 15, 2014
Illnesses linked to newly identified organisms continue to emerge as a threat both in the U.S. and abroad. In May 2014, a new virus, Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) was identified in the U.S.
To protect yourself and others from illness, the CDC recommends following the universal precautions listed below.