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Home > Medical Services > Ear, Nose & Throat > Ear Care > Ear Disorders > Barotrauma/Scuba Diving Trauma
Barotrauma is trauma caused by pressure changes, such as scuba diving, travel in an airplane, a bad infection or cold that causes fluid build-up in the middle ear. A perforated eardrum can occur with trauma, especially in cases of penetrating trauma.
Most patients will need surgical repair of an eardrum perforation, called a tympanoplasty. Fibrous tissue is taken from the patient’s ear and placed as a graft over the perforation.
Smaller perforations may heal spontaneously. Other options may be to place a "paper patch" or a small fat graft over the perforation depending on its size and location.